What is AdBlue - DEF?
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adblue def transfer tank

What is diesel exhaust fluid?

Since January 2011, all new heavy vehicles using diesel in Australia, have been fitted with systems to limit the pollution coming from their exhaust. The most popular system uses DEF or diesel exhaust fluid. In practice this means new heavy diesel vehicles now have two tanks- one for the diesel, and one for the DEF (Diesel exhaust fluid). The DEF tank inlet is blue because the most popular brand of DEF is AdBlue®. AdBlue is NOT a diesel fuel additive. It is used to treat the exhaust, not the diesel fuel. Do not add it to your diesel tank!

How DEF SCR  works

Legislation: ADR 80/03 —Emission Control for Heavy Vehicles The function of this Australian Design Rule is to prescribe exhaust emission requirements for heavy vehicles in order to reduce air pollution, the new emissions regulations introduced on 1 January 2011 by the federal government, impose strict standards on Australia’s truck companies. To meet the ADR80/03 legislation, nitrogen oxide (NOx) in vehicle exhaust must be extremely low (2.0 grams per kilowatt hour). To meet this Euro 5 international standard, all new heavy vehicles are fitted with a treatment unit. The unit is fitted to the exhaust and uses a mist of aqueous urea (AUS32) and a catalytic reactor chamber to convert the emmissions to nitrogen and water.

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How does it work? The fluid used in the DEF tank is a 32.5% aqueous solution of urea. Hence the name AUS32 (aqueous urea solution), the most common brand name offered is AdBlue, but it is not the only AUS32 available. There is also CatBlue, NoNox® and Air1®. Any AUS32 that passes the ISO 22241 can be used in your DEF tank. The purity of the solution is very important to the long life of the SCR - selective catalytic reduction chamber. As you can see in the diagram, new vehicles have a separate storage tank where the AUS32 is stored. It is sprayed in the mixer directly onto the exhaust, which changes the NOx gases into ammonia. The SCR chamber converts the pollutants into safe atmospheric nitrogen (N2). The mix works out at about 5% of the diesel usage. That is, for every 100 litres of diesel you need 5 litres of DEF. But this varies depending on how the machinery is used. Urea and AUS32 are corrosive, so your external storage tank and delivery system must be purpose built for this use. Ours uses urea-grade polyethylene, stainless steel fittings, and a urea compatible pump.

Adblue dispensing tank

If you run out of DEF your vehicle's computer is programmed to encourage you to re-fuel, by dramatically reducing your engine's performance. For this reason its critical to have a portable on-site DEF delivery system that can be used to quickly re-fuel your DEF tank. Our range includes an add-on DEF pump & nozzle system, 50L & 100 Litre tanks, and lockable 200L & 100L DEF tank & attached stainless steel dispensing pumps. We also have a dispensing system to attach to your Adblue IBC tank.

John Carmichael
TTi AdBlue tanks from
Poly Tank Supplies
53a High St, Taree NSW 2430
ABN 48 750611700

TTi dealer
Def Transfer Tanks
Tanks for transporting AdBlue,
AdBlue dispensing unit.
Plastic DEF Storage tanks

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